Asthma is a chronic medical condition related to the coughing and difficulty in breathing, which is a result of inflammation of the airways. The significant characteristics of asthma are recurrent, reversible, airway obstruction which results in hyperactivity in the airways followed by narrowing of air passages usually as a response to certain particles.
These particles are commonly allergens like dust, smoke, pollens and physical exertion. Generally kids are more prone to getting asthma because they have weaker immune systems.
Asthma can be a result of either genetic inheritance or environmental reasons or both. They are also noticed to be weather dependent such as during winter times, the symptoms and frequency of asthmatic attacks seem to increase significantly.
Children who are asthmatics have to be extra cautious when engaging physical activities, in allergic environments and in colder climate. Extra care has to be given to prevent asthmatic conditions to worsen.
Common causes for asthma in kids
There are different reasons why a kid might suffer from asthma which are usually in relation to their inheritance or environment. It has also been seen that occasionally, a mild genetic condition is aggravated by environmental conditions which contribute towards it.
The hereditary aspect is when a child suffers from asthma which has been passed onto them by one of their parents or grandparents. Usually if a generation is skipped with the genetic condition, it does not mean that it does not continue. Thus, even if the parents of the asthmatic kids do not suffer from the condition, a full family history might reveal that there is a genetic cause for the kid’s condition.
Otherwise, if there is no such connection then it becomes almost certain that the cause for the condition is environmental. These are environments such as houses with no air circulation, smoked filled rooms from tobacco smoking in closed quarters, places with molded and damp walls and dusty houses.
Kids who grow up in such environments have much higher percentage of suffering from chronic asthma. As mentioned before, it has also been seen but rarely that a mild wheezing condition is accelerated into an intense asthmatic condition if the kid is around the inappropriate environments.
Symptoms for asthma
There are a number of symptoms associated with asthma which are easy to notice especially in kids as these tend to be more evident in them than in adults. Some of the noticeable ones are constant coughing especially during nights, wheezing sounds while breathing, difficulty in breathing with mild physical exertions, chest congestion and limited endurance of exertion physically.
The symptoms vary in display depending on the time of day, season and environment within confined spaces. They are usually more prominent during nights and winters and thus asthmatic kids have constant coughing and have a hard time breathing and carrying on normal activities such as going to school, enjoying play time and relaxing at night.
They endure more severe symptoms than adults as they have lower resistance to allergens and cannot be administered with higher dosage of medication. Thus, they have lingering coughs and long periods of wheezing and breathing difficulties. The symptoms are simple to notice and should be countered with medical attention immediately.
Precautions to take that can prevent asthma
Precautions should be taken before hand so that kids do not have to suffer the difficulties of asthma. Some of the precautions that can be taken are:
- There must be good air circulation system in the house. The windows and doors should be kept open at least for couple of hours of the day even during winters, to let the moist and polluted air to be replaced by fresh air.
- There should be no tobacco smoking within the closed confines of the house especially with kids.
- Coughs and breathing difficulties in kids should be addressed immediately to medical attention.
- Houses should be cleaned regularly to avoid too much dust.
- Molds and dampness should be avoided at all costs.
Prevention is better than cure
Asthma is one of the conditions in which the best way is to follow the famous saying “prevention is better than cure”. This is said to be the best approach as there are no permanent cure for asthmatic patients.
There are asthmatic puffs and medications which help the patients to endure the difficulties and keep the symptoms from escalating but there is no permanent solution discovered yet. Thus, taking precautions ahead of time is the best method especially when dealing with kids with genetic probability of asthmatic condition.
It is quite hard to imagine a life where a kid has to include puffs to help breathing just after a simple play of ball or to have to take medication to sleep well at night. Kids are more susceptible to depression and anxiety when there is deviation in their normal life from other kids.